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Eng 101 - Evans - Robert Smalls / Wikipedia Essay (Online Reserve Articles)

Directions: Click on the links below to view the articles. If you are OFF CAMPUS, you will be asked to log in with your PORTAL username and password. After clicking on the link, you may have to click "PDF Full-Text" or "HTML Full-text" to actually read the full article.

In addition, Mr. Evans plans to put some books on reserve at the SCC Central Campus Library if you are able to go there in person. Be sure to bring a valid photo ID (either SCC ID or Driver's License). Books on reserve cannot be checked out and must be used only in the library.

Beginning Research

"Losing Authority" by William Badke
Background: This source was recommended to Mr. Evans by a Librarian. He went to the Library and discussed his assignment with her, and she knew of this source from a professional journal she reads. She was then able to locate it in the Library's online databases.
Off-Campus: If this link doesn't work, try the following: Go to http://library.sccsc.edu, click "Find Articles (Databases)" on the left, click "General or Miscellaneous Topics," click "EBSCO General Databases," log in if asked to (with Portal username/password), search for "Losing Authority" and scroll down until you see the article by Badke, William.
"Internet Encyclopedias Go Head to Head" by Jim Giles
Background: Mr. Evans located this source by reading the article on "Losing Authority." The author of "Losing Authority" mentioned this article as part of his discussion. Mr. Evans was able to locate it in one of the SCC Library's article databases.
"The Politics of Research" by Brian Martin
Background: Mr. Evans located this source by reading the article on "Losing Authority." The author of "Losing Authority" mentioned this book chapter as part of his discussion. This entire book, Information Liberation, was available freely from the author's website, (provided in the article "Losing Authority") so he went to the website and printed the chapter off.
"The Undue Weight of Truth on Wikipedia"
Background: After their initial meeting, a Librarian came across this article in the Chronicle of Higher Education and recommended it to Mr. Evans. The library subscribes to the Chronicle online, so we were able to link directly to the article.
Off-Campus: If this link doesn't work, try the following: Go to http://library.sccsc.edu, click "Find Articles (Databases)" on the left, click "Education," click "Chronicle of Higher Education," log in if asked to (with Portal username/password), search for "the undue weight of truth" and the article by Timothy Messer-Kruse should come up.

Further Research

After meeting with the Librarian, Mr. Evans searched the Library's Catalog for books on Robert Smalls. He didn't read some books in their entirety.  Then he used the table of contents, scanned passages, and looked at the index in each book.

Below are the books he found. He has kindly put them on reserve for you at the SCC Central Campus Library if you are able to go there in person. Be sure to bring a valid photo ID (either SCC ID or Driver's License). Books on reserve cannot be checked out and must be used only in the library.

From Slavery to Public Service: Robert Smalls
Gullah Statesman: Robert Smalls From Slavery to Congress, 1839-1915
Yearning to Breathe Free: Robert Smalls of South Carolina and His Families

After doing some background research, Mr. Evans went to the Library's online databases to search for information about Robert Smalls.

"A Bold Break for Freedom" by Mark H. Dunkelman
Background: This article is from the U. S. History in Context database; one of the library's history databases. Mr. Evans spent a long time looking through his results lists, selecting the BEST articles for this assignment (not just the first ones listed). This article comes from the American History magazine.
Off-Campus: If this link doesn't work, try the following: Go to http://library.sccsc.edu, click "Find Articles (Databases)" on the left, click "Biography & History," click "U.S. History in Context," log in if asked to (with Portal username/password), search for "Robert Smalls" and you should see this article from American History under "Academic Journals".
"Civil War" by Troy D. Smith
Background: This article is from the U. S. History in Context database. It's an article about the Civil War, but there is a sidebar box about Robert Smalls part-way through the article. This article is an entry in a reference book called Gale Library of Daily Life: Slavery in America.
Off-Campus: If this link doesn't work, try the following: Go to http://library.sccsc.edu, click "Find Articles (Databases)" on the left, click "Biography & History," click "U.S. History in Context," log in if asked to (with Portal username/password), search for "Robert Smalls" and you should see this article from Gale Library of Daily Life: Slavery in America under "Reference".
"The Reconstruction Governments" from Reconstruction Era Reference Library
Background: This article is from the U. S. History in Context database. It's an article about the Reconstruction Era after the Civil War, but there is a sidebar box about Robert Smalls part-way through the article. This article is an entry in a reference book called Reconstruction Era Reference Library.
Off-Campus: If this link doesn't work, try the following: Go to http://library.sccsc.edu, click "Find Articles (Databases)" on the left, click "Biography & History," click "U.S. History in Context," log in if asked to (with Portal username/password), search for "Robert Smalls" and you should see this article from Reconstruction Era Reference Library under "Reference".
"Robert Smalls" from Dictionary of American Biography
Background: This article is from the U. S. History in Context database. It's a short biographical article about Robert Smalls. This article is an entry in a reference book called Dictionary of American Biography.
Off-Campus: If this link doesn't work, try the following: Go to http://library.sccsc.edu, click "Find Articles (Databases)" on the left, click "Biography & History," click "U.S. History in Context," log in if asked to (with Portal username/password), search for "Robert Smalls" and you should see this article from Dictionary of American Biography under "Biographies".
"Robert Smalls" from Encyclopedia of World Biography
Background: This article is from the U. S. History in Context database. It's a longer biographical article about Robert Smalls. This article is an entry in a reference book called Notable Black American Men, Book II.
Off-Campus: If this link doesn't work, try the following: Go to http://library.sccsc.edu, click "Find Articles (Databases)" on the left, click "Biography & History," click "U.S. History in Context," log in if asked to (with Portal username/password), search for "Robert Smalls" and you should see this article from Notable Black American Men, Book II under "Biographies".
"Robert Smalls" from Notable Black American Men, Book II
Background: This article is from the U. S. History in Context database. It's a short biographical article about Robert Smalls. This article is an entry in a reference book called Encyclopedia of World Biography.
Off-Campus: If this link doesn't work, try the following: Go to http://library.sccsc.edu, click "Find Articles (Databases)" on the left, click "Biography & History," click "U.S. History in Context," log in if asked to (with Portal username/password), search for "Robert Smalls" and you should see this article from Encyclopedia of World Biography under "Biographies".
"It's Not Your Grandfather's Civil War: The National Park Service Used the Sesquicentennial to Shed New Light on an Old Story" by Tim Rowland
Background: This article is from the U. S. History in Context database. It's an article about Robert Smalls that appeared in magazine, America's Civil War.
Off-Campus: If this link doesn't work, try the following: Go to http://library.sccsc.edu, click "Find Articles (Databases)" on the left, click "Biography & History," click "U.S. History in Context," log in if asked to (with Portal username/password), search for "Robert Smalls" and you should see this article from America's Civil War under "Magazines".
"The Unstoppable Mr. Smalls: But First He Had to Hijack a Confederate Steamer" by Gerald S. Henig
Background: This article is from the U. S. History in Context database. It's an article about Robert Smalls that appeared in magazine, America's Civil War.
Off-Campus: If this link doesn't work, try the following: Go to http://library.sccsc.edu, click "Find Articles (Databases)" on the left, click "Biography & History," click "U.S. History in Context," log in if asked to (with Portal username/password), search for "Robert Smalls" and you should see this article from America's Civil War under "Magazines".
"Smalls, Robert"
Background: This article is from the website History, Art & Archives: U.S. House of Representatives published by the office of the Historian of the United States House of Representatives. It's a longer biographical article about Robert Smalls.

Primary Sources

Mr. Evans did some digging on the internet and found several primary sources related to Robert Smalls...see below.

Smalls, Robert to Governor Daniel Chamberlain, 24 August 1876
This is a letter from Robert Smalls to then-S.C. Governor Chamberlain in 1876. The text of the letter can be read in the printable PDF or the flash versions.
Background: This letter is posted on the website Teaching American History in South Carolina, which is part of a nationwide Teaching American History federal grant program funded by the U.S. Department of Education Office of Innovation and Improvement, Education Academic Improvement and Demonstration Programs Award #U215X070115, #U215X040339 and #S215X010282. Richland School District Two is the primary recipient of this grant, which is administered by the South Carolina Department of Archives and History.
Speeches at the Constitutional Convention : by Gen. Robt. Smalls ; with the right of suffrage passed by the Constitutional Convention ; compiled by Miss Sarah V. Smalls.
This is the text of a pamphlet (in sections) compiled and published by "Miss Sarah V. Smalls." Smalls was an African American delegate to the South Carolina constitutional convention of 1895. He argued against proposed restrictions on the franchise and against discriminatory provisions on miscegenation and interracial marriages, but lost.
Background: This pamphlet text is part of the African American Perspectives: Pamphlets from the Daniel A.P. Murray Collection, 1818-1907, which lives in the Rare Book/Special Collections Reading Room at the Library of Congress, but has been digitized and published online as part of the Library of Congress American Memory project.

Food for Thought

These videos were also recommended by the Librarian, who proposes that there are a lot of serious ideas behind the comedy.

Stephen Colbert's "Wikiality" (Video)
In this first segment, Colbert proposes that thanks to modern tools such as Wikipedia, "reality" or at least our perception of reality can be determined by anyone -- rather than a trained expert.
Stephen Colbert's "Wikilobbying" (Video)
In this follow-up segment, Colbert touches on the idea that companies, politicians, celebrities, etc. now have staff dedicated to making sure they have a favorable web presence - thus throwing into question the objectivity of the information.